One of the most concerning aspects of the terms of service is that it bars anyone under the age of 18 from utilizing the platform. However, the app uses what appear to be minors in advertisements, transferred minors’ profiles from Musical.ly, and clearly allows minors on to their trending page. The app is also marketed towards kids and marks the app as “12+” in the app store. Tik Tok claims to care about the safety of children but is very blatantly aware of their presence on the app.
Tik Tok as a company is riddled with data scandals. In May of 2018, an investigation found that there were almost no privacy features on the app, allowing users’ personal information to be stolen. A great deal of the information stolen was from elementary school children. This was concerning because at the time in Hong Kong, Tik Tok was not to be used by anyone under 16 years of age. Tik Tok claimed that they worked to remove underaged children from the app, but after this investigation The South China Morning Post (SCMP) used the app’s flagging feature and reported three children users. SCMP had “not received any feedback or seen the accounts terminated” a week later. In July of 2018, China’s government took Tik Tok off the internet completely. When the app came back: it contained new age restrictions and censorship policies. China’s censorship is one of the most extensive ones in the world. Typically, companies are wary to store data in China because storing data there gives the government exceptionally easy data mining capabilities. However, Tik Tok’s company is under close surveillance by the Chinese government. Musical.ly was bought by Tik Tok’s parent company, Bytedance, in 2017. The fact that the two apps share a parent company means that both companies have been incredibly quiet about government interference, and the fact that they store and process user data in, “United States of America, Singapore, Japan or to China.” This data vulnerability is deeply worrisome and should ward off users of the app.
Comedian, actor, and YouTuber Cody Ko posted a video to YouTube on October 17th, trying out the Tik Tok app, but what followed for him sheds a sliver of light onto Tik Tok’s capabilities as a company and their access to private information. Ko posted a video where he recreated different six second Tik Toks videos for his 1.6 million subscribers on YouTube. After this video was posted, many fans of his started to notice that clips of him were being used in ads on Facebook. In response to the use of his face in ads, Ko posted a video on October 30th titled, “Tik Tok is trolling me”, wherein he explained that his account and videos were completely private. This means that the company had to deliberately access his account, as it would be against YouTube’s terms of service for Tik Tok to take Ko’s photo from his video, and use it in an ad. Tik Tok then took his private Tik Toks and repurposed them his for promotional reasons. Ko pointed out that what Tik Tok is doing is technically legal as they reserve the right to basically adapt and use anything you make on the app for promotions, as well to give said content to third parties for similar reasons. Cody Ko’s story exemplifies Tik Tok’s unchecked and alarming authority, Ko noted people should be more careful using the app going forward.
Tik Tok is leaving many users in the dark about the company’s policies, past, and practices, by deliberately making information difficult to access and navigate. They’re hiding disturbing abuses of power, ignoring their own community guidelines, and offering personal information to third parties and the Chinese government. While Tik Tok’s popularity only continues to grow in the West, users should take extreme caution with what they post. These videos could resurface for any purpose at any time, anywhere in the world.